Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for Gunnison Sage-grouse
Proposed Endangered Status for Gunnison Sage-grouse
For immediate release January 10, 2013
Contact: Jon Marvel, Western Watersheds Project (208) 788-2290
Hailey, ID – The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has proposed an Endangered Species Act (ESA) listing rule and critical habitat designation for the Gunnison sage-grouse that will designate the species as Endangered and provide 1.7 million acres of critical habitat in Colorado and Utah.
Gunnison sage-grouse (Centrocercus minimus) has a more restricted range than the closely-related Greater sage-grouse (C. urophasianus), but both birds face the same threats from livestock grazing: livestock eat the plants that sage-grouse depend on and permanently alter sage-grouse habitat.
“We’re pleased that Gunnison’s sage-grouse will receive Endangered Species Act protection,” said Jon Marvel, Executive Director of Western Watersheds Project. “Sage-grouse are an indicator species for the health of the sagebrush landscape of the American West. Now, Fish and Wildlife Service needs to buckle down and tackle the needs of Greater sage-grouse, which face the same threats across the West as Gunnison sage-grouse.”
The proposed ESA listing for the bird describes the effects of livestock grazing on sage-grouse habitat, including enabling invasive species infestations, adding fences and other destructive infrastructure, directly trampling nests and causing nest abandonment, increasing predation and decreasing successful reproduction.
The proposed listing rule also describes the process by which the federal land management agencies evaluate livestock impacts– or not. Many of the federally managed lands within sage-grouse habitats have never been evaluated for ecological health, and a large percentage of the lands that have been assessed aren’t meeting even the minimum standards for native plant community. Because public lands compose the majority of sage-grouse habitats throughout the west, insufficient and ineffective agency oversight is part of what is dooming these birds.
“The Bureau of Land Management and the Forest Service want to keep grazing livestock as usual,” said Marvel. “But this listing proposal should be a wake-up call that you can’t protect these declining populations and keep doing what you are doing. It is time for the government to enable permanent voluntary retirement of public land grazing permits. Such legislation will enable recovery of sage-grouse more than any other governmental action.”